|RAINFORESTS ARE LARGE TROPICAL FORESTS where the temperature and rainfall is high and remains the same throughout the
year. Rainforests contain unique environments and have four different layers,
each with its own variety of plants and animals. The Emergent Layer has the
tallest trees, and receives the most sunlight and rainfall. The Canopy Layer
is the primary layer of the forest and has lots of different flowers, fruits
and animals. The thick Canopy of trees filters out 80% of the light to the
forest floor. The Understory is the next level down and receives only 2-5%
of sunlight! The limited light supply forces plants and animals to find unique
ways to survive. The Forest Floor is the lowest level and has almost no plants
due to the 0-2% light received and near 100% humidity!
RAINFORESTS CAN BE FOUND IN Africa, Asia, Australia, and Central and South America.
The most famous and largest rainforest is the Amazon. The Amazon Rainforest
| covers over one billion acres, and includes parts of Brazil, Venezuela, Columbia,
Ecuador and Peru.
THE AMAZON RAINFOREST IS OFTEN REFERRED TO AS THE “LUNGS OF THE PLANET” because
it produces more than 20% of the world’s oxygen by continuously recycling
carbon dioxide. More than half of the world’s estimated species of plants
and animals live here and one-fifth of the world’s fresh water is found
in its basin. There are many different plants with medicinal benefits that can
only be found in the rainforest. Over 70% of plants used for cancer treatments
today come from the rainforest. Currently less than 1% of plants from the rainforests
have been tested, but so many are found to have medicinal properties. Many more
plants remain undiscovered and untested.
RAINFORESTS ARE BEING DESTROYED AT AN ALARMING RATE. The forests are being
cut down for farming, mining, wood and oil. Rainforests once covered 14% of
the earth’s land
|Much of the material used from rainforest destruction is for industrialized nations
who have already depleted their own natural resources.
America has already converted
90% of North America’s forest for firewood, furniture, railroads and paper.
It's important that everyone helps save the rainforests and there are lots of
ways you can help.